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Timeline / Xangô Três
TIMELINE :: Xangô Três :: G.E.P.S.P. :: Mandala :: Malika :: Hermeto Pascoal :: Egberto Gismonti :: Marlui Miranda :: Grupo Um :: Band Leader :: Duo Nazario :: Pau Brasil :: Percussônica :: John Stein :: Other stories
Itiberê Zwarg, Zé Eduardo Nazario, Cesar Galvão. 1968
1965 - 1968
Druns: Zé Eduardo Nazario
Bass: Carlito Bloise, Itiberê Zwarg
Piano: Cesar Galvão, Tuca

São Paulo, 1963. I was eleven and my mother used to take me to the Paramount Theater, located at Brigadeiro Luiz Antonio Avenue, where some great artists used to play. It was the age of Bossa Nova.

I tried to compose something, and because of my interest in music, my father took me one afternoon to a rehearsal session of Pedrinho Mattar Trio, which accompanied singer Claudete Soares and composer and guitarist Sérgio Augusto at one of the so-called temples of the Major Sertório Street, the home to João Sebastião Bar, Ela Cravo e Canela, and so many other nightclubs that featured major artists of the 1960s’ musical scene. The street could be called the São Paulo’s version of the legendary "Beco das Garrafas" (Bottle’s Alley) in Rio de Janeiro. There I saw a drum set right in front of me for the first time in my life. The image of the instrument stayed in my mind, and I knew that’s what I wanted to do.

At that time, my cousin Luiz Manini studied architecture together with composer Chico Buarque at the School of Architecture and Urbanism (FAU) of the University of São Paulo. In 1966 both took part in the TV Record Festival, in which Luiz accompanied singer Jair Rodrigues playing jawbone (a percussion instrument made from the jawbone of a donkey). Manini had a big influence on me because he had a very good music taste and a very large record library in Mococa, my mother’s land, where I spent school vacations. On those occasions, he let me explore his collection full of the greatest jazz musicians of the time, and so I listened to Thelonious Monk, Miles Davis, Dizzy Gillespie, and all the top jazz drummers. Amongst all that music, the thing that impressed me the most was the drum playing. And I was happy only when I got to convince my dad to buy me a drum set, what he finally did in 1964.

Besides drums, soccer was my second passion. I began studying intensely, but also found time to play some soccer matches and attend professional games. Brazil was two-time World Cup champion (in 1958 and 1962), and I could see legends such as Waldir, Djalma Santos, Dudu, and Ademir da Guia play for my Palmeiras, Pelé for Santos, Garrincha and Nilton Santos for Botafogo, and Vavá for Vasco, among many others. One day I was playing a "pelada" (an informal soccer game) with some friends in the neighborhood when I was interrupted by an invitation to replace a drummer and play a gig at the Círculo Militar, located at Abílio Soares Street. There I met a young man whose brother played the piano. Some days later, he took his brother, whose nickname was Tuca, to my parents’ house and we played together a little bit. Then we called my neighbor Carlito Bloise to play bass, and that’s how we formed my first trio, Xangô 3. Some time later, they were replaced by César Galvão (piano) and Itiberê Zwarg (bass), who contributed to the improvement in the trio’s music.

We began playing at balls and parties. One day, it was announced that there would be a Bossa Nova concert at the Maria Imaculada High School, featuring top artists. As those concerts were very popular, it was difficult to get tickets. Then I had the idea of taking with me my drumsticks case, and when we arrived at the crowded entrance gate I showed the case and said we would be playing in the concert. The nun at the entrance allowed us to go right to the dressing rooms! All we wanted was to see the concert. But because of the traffic jam around school area the musicians that would be opening the concert were late, so the audience grew impatient and after the boos started, the producer who firstly said (and she was right!) that Xangô 3 didn’t appear in the concert list, asked us to open the night. So we played three numbers and received warm applause.

Later that night, composer Mário Albanese enthusiastically invited us to take part in his show on Rádio Record. Not long after that, we began to perform regularly on several TV shows, such as Bossaudade hosted by singer Elizeth Cardoso, Corte Rayol Show with Agnaldo Rayol and Renato Côrte Real, and Hebe hosted by Hebe Camargo, all of them on TV Record; Moacyr Franco Show, É hora de Bossa, Show do Meio Dia, and Hugo Santana Show on TV Excelsior; Almoço com as Estrelas, Clube dos Artistas with Ayrton and Lolita Rodrigues, and Antártica no Mundo dos Sons hosted by Vicente Leporace on TV Tupi, among many others.

Between 1965 and 1968 I played with Xangô 3 on almost all radio and television music shows in São Paulo, as well as in concerts at conservatories, universities and theaters, so beginning my career as a professional drummer. The trio played a style of music known as "bossa jazz" or "Brazilian jazz," the instrumental version of Bossa Nova, considering its classic formation. At the beginning of the sixties, the traditional formation of piano, bass and drums was one of popular music’s most widespread setups, usually playing Bossa Nova’s songs in a more free manner which combined sophisticated arrangements, improvisation, and a Brazilian rhythmic and melodic language, all resulting in an original and unique style known and appreciated worldwide.
1965 1965 1965 1965 1968
1965 Manini, 1966 Newspaper Revista InTerValo   1968
Diário da Noite - 2nd Caderno - page 3 - São Paulo, Monday - 08/19/1966
The "Jequibau Night" concert is happening next Friday at Álvares Penteado Foundation. Among famous artists … the youngest Brazilian music group Xangô Trio also is going to perform. The group is formed by José Eduardo Nazario on drums, 13 years old, Carlos Bloise on bass, 15 years old, and César Galvão on the piano, 14 years old. Although very young, it is not their first time facing the audience, since they already are true hits on our television shows... Drummer José Eduardo Nazario, only 13 years of age, already reached the same artistic level of an adult...
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